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09/10/2016

Klimt described gold woman after all


"Adele Bloch-Bauer Portrait One" was completed by Klimt in 1907. Klimt has painted two portraits of Mrs. Bloch - Bauer, are considered Klimt in the "golden period" the most representative works.

Bloch - Bauer is a fanatical art lovers in Vienna, in the identity of art patrons at the same time, he is also a friend of Klimt. The creation of this portraiture took three years, and the distinctive and yet complex ornamentation was typical of the Art Nouveau.

The painting was created under the direction of Adele's husband Ferdinand Bloch-Bauer. Ferdinand is a sugar industry tycoon, he is also very fond of Klimt's painting style, and long-term funding of the artist.

According to the Austrian government, Adele said in his will in the hope that after her husband's death this work will be donated to the Austrian National Museum, and she died in 1925 due to meningitis.

When the Nazi occupation of Austria, her husband fled to Switzerland, all of his belongings, including Klimt's paintings, including all were confiscated. During the German-Austrian period, these Nazi-looted works were placed in the National Gallery of Austria. Ferdinand in the 1945 testament to identify his nephew and niece to become heir to the property, which includes Maria Alterman.

In 2000, Maria Altman proposed to the Austrian authorities the return of the painting, which included "Portrait of Lady Adele Bloch-Bauer", but was subjected to administrative resistance; in the United States, she transferred the Austrian Government take to court. As the painting was still in Austria, Austria, according to Adair's own will, these paintings should be left in Austria. In 2006, after a long battle of the courts, Maria Altman finally obtained the paintings and other four works of legitimate ownership.

At the end of the case, Maria Altman sold "Adele Bloch-Bauer Portrait One" at an astronomical price to Ronald Lord, a move that brought the art world criticism. Michael Kimmelman, an art critic for the New York Times, described the act as "anxious to cash in" and said that "justice and redemption after the Holocaust" evolved into "another crazy Art market myth. "

The long process of litigation

Maria Altman, formerly known as Maria Victoria Bloch, was born in 1916 in Vienna, Austria, followed by the family name to Bloch-Buaer. She married Fredrick Altmann in 1937, shortly after the honeymoon, Austria was Nazi Germany "De Ao merger", and Maria after suffering the emigration to the United States, and then become a US citizen. Her uncle Ferdinand died, leaving his legacy to one of his nephews and two niece. However, Ferdinand has owned five paintings of Klimt has been the merger of the German and Austrian government possession.

Austria suffered in the 1990s under pressure to re-examine the history of the Nazis, the Austrian Green Party in 1998 to help through the Nazi period on the looting of works of art transparency laws. This made it possible for Austrian investigative journalist Hubertus Czernin to discover that Ferdinand had never presented the five paintings to the National Gallery.

Since then, Maria and the Austrian government to return the paintings to negotiate. At first she only wanted to return to the Klimt landscape painting works, while allowing the Austrian government to continue to hold portraits, but this proposal has not been the Austrian authorities. In 1999, Maria sued the Austrian government in an Austrian court, but the cost of litigation was tied to the value of the paintings, which were valued at $ 135 million, according to local law, and she had to revoke the charges.

In 2000, Maria in the United States formally sued the Austrian government. In January 2006, she finally won the lawsuit, and in three months after the return of the five paintings. With its $ 150 million valuation as the standard, which became Austria's largest one at the time the return of the Nazi looting of works of art. These works in March 2006 to leave Austria, to the United States began to exhibit. A few months later, Maria Klimt these works to shoot Christie's, a total of 325 million US dollars to shoot.

Maria Altman's story has appeared in three documentary films, Adele's Wish in 2008, Stealing Klimt in 2007, The Rape of Europa. April 2015 release of the film "woman in a gold dress" focuses on Maria Alterman over the past decade and the Austrian government mediation experience, the film in Maria's old age and childhood non-stop shuttle, but also to the audience a taste of Kerry Mott "golden period" of the gorgeous style.

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